Web Designer Interview Questions and Answers for Freshers

Website Designing is one of the most creative fields in the IT industry for which professionals work to create exquisite web layouts. Here we have created the top 25 questions that are generally asked for web designer interview questions. Must add them in your preparation now!

  • Q. What is website designing?
  • A. Website Designing may be defined as front end architecture of websites using multiple skills and disciplines i.e. Graphics, User Interface(UI), User Experience(UX), web layouts. Along with backend script, the broad term becomes ‘Web Development’ but Web Designing only includes the front end portion of the websites. Though the front-end is also a highly popular professional term too.

  • Q. What is HTML?
  • A. Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) is standard markup language used for creating websites and web application. Everything you see on modern web browsers or internet are part of HTML only. Text, content, images , videos and almost everything is put inside HTML tags for users to view them on internet.

  • Q. What does CSS stand for?
  • A. Cascading Style Sheets are the presentation or visual style of the web pages i.e. font, color, size (markup languages). They are used in combination with HTML web pages to align them in a proper way.

  • Q. What does DOCTYPE mean?
  • A. DOCTYPE is declaration of instruction about the HTML document version for modern browser to render them accordingly. DOCTYPE is not an HTML tag and is also not case sensitive
In HTML, the DOCTYPE is case insensitive or not sensitive i.e. uppercase or lowercase both will return same result.

  • Q. What is a CSS file? For what purpose it is used?
  • A. These are the main style-sheet which are used for arranging HTML elements. There are three ways of adding CSS style sheets to the web layout.
  • Internal Stylesheet: These are within the page but separate from HTML tags done with Separate style tag.
  • External Stylesheet: In these separate CSS files are called from different source completely done with import URL CSS property
  • In line Style Sheet: These are directly put on the tags and hence they have the highest priority over the other two.
On the basis of priority these CSS files are taken as Inline Style Sheet > Internal Style Sheet > External Stylesheet. These values are defined on the basis as the page is rendered on user browser accordingly.

  • Q. What is an external style sheet? How can we link it?
  • A. These stylesheets are imported from URL and most often are on the same server only but can also be called from different server.

  • Q. How do you insert a comment in a CSS file.?
  • A. These are just specific instruction given to make those changes and aid in the future for any more adjustments easily rather than searching for the whole file as it may be too large.

  • Q. What are HTML comment?
  • A. HTML Comment tag are the basic instructions given with in any html layout and these are not displayed in browser and are just for informative purpose only.

  • Q. What is the difference between HTML5 and HTML?
  • A. HTML5 is the latest version of HTML only but with lot of features added to from the basic version of HTML. New tags, added functionality, animation, transition, Gradient, webfonts, SVG, figure tag, regular expressions, editing content within elements are some of the most popular features of HTML 5 version.

  • Q. How many types of elements are defined in HTML5?
  • A. In HTML there are basically two types of elements i.e. block elements and in-line elements. Block elements takes the whole line space like <div> tag while inline space take only the space with their respective content only like <span> tag.

  • Q. What are HTML Attributes? Explain HTML Global Attributes!
  • A. In HTML attributes provide more information about the various elements being used with in the web structure. For e.g. href attribute of a tag, src attribute of img tag etc
  • Global Attributes are those few limited HTML attributes which can used with all HTML tags for better informative. For e.g, class, id, dir etc. Here is complete list of HTML Global Attributes.

  • Q. Which HTML attribute is used to define inline styles?
  • A. With HTML Style attribute one can add inline styles to the web layout. If there are CSS written within the HTML tag then it is generally shows inline style is written.
<p style = "color:red">This line is coded color with inline style CSS </p>

  • Q. What roles class and id play linking between HTML & CSS & JS? Explain significance!
  • A. To link HTML layout structure with CSS values there are specific instructions which are given in the form of class and id. A class can have multiple users within a single HTML layout while id is unique within a single layout and are recommended for JavaScript as well as script-based web development.

  • Q. What are self closing tags in HTML?
  • A. There are few tags in HTML which are self closing and doesn’t require end tag statements like
    <br/> tag.

  • Q. What are basic technologies that go along with web designing
  • A. HTML CSS & JS are the basic technologies around which the whole fundamental of web designing is built. So it is necessary to get acquainted with their basic rulings, script, layout, tags closing and more. It is also recommended to get working within script-based programming like PHP as you go advance skills for your future.

  • Q. How do fonts work with HTML? Explain the term Web Safe fonts!
  • A. Fonts are different calligraphy presentation of writing characters. Earlier Font tag was specifically used for making desired effects but with HTML5 font tag is depreciated now! Now in CSS3 they are directly used as CSS font attribute with specific value only.
  • Web Safe Fonts are those fonts which are available on the majority of the system all around the world. So users can have a similar calligraphic result for their fonts over the global internet with which fonts they were started with.

  • Q. How colors are used with HTML?
  • A. Colors are based on different combinations RGB, Hexadecimal, RGBA, HSL, HSLA and predefined colors directly applied to HTML tags. These values then applied directly to get the desired effects accordingly.
  • RGB‘ Stands for Red, Green and Blue
  • Hexadecimal are 16 notation based colors from 0-9 to A-F
  • RGBA stands for Red, Green, Blue, Alpha
  • HSL stands for Hue, Saturation, and Lightness
  • HSLA stands for Hue, Saturation, Light, and Alpha

  • Q. What are the new features of HTML5?
  • A. There are various new tags and features that were introduced with HTML5
  • Video Tags:
  • Geolocation:
  • Web Fonts:
  • Canvas
  • Regular Expressions
  • Local Cache:
Also check our special section for tags not supported in html5.

  • Q. Explain the use of grids in web layout!
  • A. With modernization, grids have become an important part of web layout that offers semantic layout popular with popular web layouts that are used on multiple websites these day.

  • Q. What are HTML Themes and templates?
  • A. To build HTML websites there are pre-built themes and templates that are used for that specific purpose only. HTML news template, HTML admin theme etc

  • Q. How you will differentiate between HTML tags vs. elements vs. attributes?
  • A. HTML elements are semantic parts of a document having start tag and end tag. While tags are specific name character used for that purpose only i.e. p tag for a paragraph. Attributes are defined as specific values for a given element like alt attribute for image tag.

  • Q. Explain the concept of Responsive Web Designing!
  • A. With huge increase in modern smartphones the concept of responsive web designing(RWD) is being used across all form of web designing. In RWD different CSS is used across multiple change of screen size for better viewing purpose altogether. Also read Responsive Web Design interview questions and answers for more information.

  • Q. What are different types of Web Design? Differentiate between Static and Dynamic Web Design?
  • A. Web Design can be broadly classified into two major types i.e, Static and Dynamic.
  • ‘Static Web Design’ are the one’s which uses only the HTML CSS and JS portion for presenting web layouts with no data fetching from database at all.
  • ‘Dynamic Web Design’ are the one in which values and data are fetched regularly from database.
  • Websites are generally a combination of static and dynamic web designs.

  • Q. How to check for web design issues that appear in websites?
  • A. Most of the browsers provide inspect element properties for each page to check with their web designing issues that often arise while building raw HTML structures. There are also many sites which aid in testing for specific issues like responsive tests etc.

  • Q. What are the main software used in Web Designer uses for writing HTML structures?
  • A. Adobe Dreamweaver, Notepad +++, Sublime and there are also many only online available which are used for writing HTML for web structure.

Also find out more Interview and Questions for getting regular information now!

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