money_format – PHP String Functions

Syntax :

money_format ( format, number );

Description :

The money_format() function formats a number to a currency string.

This function inserts a formatted number where there is a percent (%) sign in the main string.

Note : It does not work on Windows platforms.
Tip: This function is used together with the setlocale() function.

Parameter :

  • format – This is Required parameter.

Possible format values are:

Padding and Flags:

  1. =f – Specifies the character (f) to be used as padding (Example: %=t this uses “t” as padding). Space is by default.
  2. ^ – Removes the use of grouping characters.
  3. + or ( – Specifies how to show positive and negative numbers. If “+” is used, the local setting for + and – will be used (usually a sign in front of negative numbers, and nothing in front of positive numbers). If “(” is used, negative numbers are enclosed in parenthesis. Default is “+”
  4. ! – Stops the use of currency symbols in the output string
  5. – If “-” is used, all fields are left-justified. Default is right-justified

Field width:

  1. x – Specifies the minimum field width (x). Default is 0
  2. #x – Specifies the maximum number (x) of digits expected to the left of the decimal point. This is used to keep formatted output aligned in the same columns. If the number of digits are bigger than x, this specification is ignored
  3. .x – Specifies the maximum number (x) of digits expected to the right of the decimal point. If x is 0, the decimal point and the digits to its right will not be shown. Default is local settings

Conversion characters:

  1. i – The number is formatted to international currency format
  2. n – The number is formatted to national currency format
  3. % – Returns the % character
  • Number – This is the number which we want to format.

Output :

Characters before and after the formatting string will be returned unchanged. Non-numeric number causes returning NULL and emitting E_WARNING.

money_format() returns a formatted version of number.

Related articles :  setlocale() , sscanf() , sprintf() , printf(), fprintf() , number_format()

money_format() – PHP Functions Example 1 : International en_US format
$strnumber = 5678.12;
echo money_format("The price is %i", $strnumber);

See below is the output of above code in Web browser.

The price is USD 5,678.12

money_format() – PHP Functions Example 2 : International format (Germany) with 2 decimals:
$strnumber = 5678.12;
echo money_format("%.2n", $strnumber);

See below is the output of above code in Web browser.

5678,12 EUR

money_format() – PHP Functions Example 3 : Negative number, US national format with () to indicate negative numbers and 2 digits of right precision and “*” as a fill character:
$strnumber = -5678.12;
echo money_format("%=*(#10.2n",$strnumber);

See below is the output of above code in Web browser.


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